Vermont's Statues and Regulations
Applicable to Forest Practices
Water Quality Laws:
Acceptable Management Practices
Acceptable Management Practices, (AMP's), for logging are Vermont's approach to meeting the requirements of both Section 208 of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act and Vermont's water quality statutes (Title 10 VSA, Chapter 47, Section 1259). http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/fullsection.cfm?Title=10&Chapter=047&Section=01259
Vermont law requires permits for discharges of any waste, substance or material into the waters of the state. Individual permits are not required for those discharges caused by logging operations if AMP's are in place. AMP's have the force of law and can carry penalties and imprisonment.
For more information see the pdf Acceptable Management Practices for Maintaining Water Quality On Logging Jobs in Vermont (pdf)
Heavy Cutting, (Act 15), is authorized by Title 10 VSA, Chapter 83, Section 2622. http://www.leg.state.vt.us/statutes/fullsection.cfm?Title=10&Chapter=083&Section=02622 It states:
The commissioner shall adopt rules to establish methods by which the harvest and utilization of timber in private and public forest land will be consistent with continuous forest growth, including reforestation, will prevent wasteful and dangerous forestry practices, will regulate heavy cutting, will encourage good forestry management, will enable and assist landowners to practice good forestry management, and will conserve the natural resources consistent with the purposes and policies of this chapter, giving due consideration to the need to assure continuous supplies of forest products and to the rights of the owner or operator of the land. Such rules shall be advisory, and not mandatory, except that the rules adopted under section 2625 of this title shall be mandatory as shall other rules specifically authorized to be mandatory.
For more information see the pdf Heavy Cutting (pdf)
Logging Operations Above 2500 Feet in Elevation
Any logging activity over 2500 feet in elevation requires an Act 250 permit and is authorized by Title 10 VSA, Chapter 151, Sections 6001(3) and 6081.
For more information see the pdf Act 250, Foresty and Timber Harvesting (pdf)
Current Use Value
In 1978 the legislature passed the Use Value Appraisal (UVA) law allowing the valuation and taxation of farm and forest land based on its remaining in agricultural or forest use instead of its value in the market place. The primary objectives of the program were to keep Vermont's productive agricultural and forest land in production, help slow the development of these lands, and achieve greater equity in property taxation on undeveloped land. Benefits for land enrolled in the program were first distributed in local tax year 1980. Enrolled forest land requires a management plan .
The enabling legislation is VSA Title32, Chapter 124, Sections 3751-3776.
For more information see the pdf Use Value Appraisal or Current Use for Forest Land (pdf)
Vermont law (Title 10 VSA, Chapter 83, Section 2648)
(a) A person may cut or cause to be cut forest growth only if all slash adjoining the right-of-way of any public highway, or the boundary lines of woodlots owned by adjoining property owners, is treated as follows:
(1) All slash shall be removed for a distance of 50 feet from the right-of-way of any public highway or from the boundary lines of woodlots owned by adjoining property owners.
(2) All slash shall be removed for a distance of 100 feet from standing buildings on adjoining property.
(b) Owners or operators of timber or woodlots shall leave the main logging roads through cut-over areas free from slash so that tractors may pass over these roads unobstructed in order to carry men and supplies and fire fighting equipment to fire suppression crews.
(c) If in the opinion of the town forest fire warden there is no fire hazard as a result of a cutting, he may issue, upon request, a statement relieving the operator of the conditions required in this section.
For more information see the pdf Slash Management (pdf)
Act 30 of the 1977 Vermont Legislature enables this legislation. Currently there are no electronic versions in the VSA. The Act summary can be found at http://www.leg.state.vt.us/docs/1998/acts/ACT030.SUM . The Act as enacted into law is at http://www.leg.state.vt.us/docs/1998/acts/act030.htm .
This act imposes a moratorium on the aerial or other broadcast application of herbicides for forestry purposes. The moratorium applies only to the aerial or other broadcast use of herbicides in the commercial production of hardwoods and softwoods, and does not restrict the aerial or other broadcast application of herbicides in the production of "agricultural products" as defined in 6 V.S.A. § 2964(e) or the use of herbicides to preserve utility rights-of-way. The "agricultural products" provision exempts from the moratorium, activities including the aerial or broadcast application of herbicides on Christmas trees, and on maple sap and orchard crops. The act defines "broadcast application" as general application to an area other than by on-foot application to specific target plants using any of the following application methods: backpack mist sprayer, tree injector, handheld spray bottle, wick, or brush.
For more information see the pdf Slash Management (pdf)
Other Legislative Resources
State of Vermont Legislative Page, Current Legislation and Legislative Activity.
Lt. Governor Phil Scott
Governor Peter Shumlin
To contact your legislator
House of Representatives
Rep. Peter Welch